FCP X: Working With Proxy Media

Posted on by Larry

[ This article was first published in the July, 2011, issue of
Larry’s Final Cut Pro Newsletter. Click here to subscribe. ]

 

Fiver Löcker asks:

How do I work with proxy media?

Larry replies: This is tricky, because the Help files don’t detail this process. But it is actually very simple.

Proxies are transcoded (converted) copies of your master files. They use ProRes 422 Proxy and are at 1/4 the size of the original. For instance, here the original ProRes 422 file for this Youth Culture clip is 238.3 MB in size.

When it gets transcoded to a Proxy, the size plummets to 19 MB. The quality is not as good, but this can save a lot of space while you are doing the rough cut.

proxy-01

Here’s the overview of working with proxies:

  1. Create Proxy media either during import or by transcoding later.
  2. Change a preference setting to use Proxy media.
  3. When you want to switch back to high-quality media, change the preference setting again.

Here are the details.

proxy-02

1. Assuming you did not create Proxy media when you first imported your clips, select the clip(s) for which you want to create proxies.

proxy-03

2. Select File > Transcode media. Then, in the resulting dialog window, check Proxy media.

proxy-04

3. Depending upon the number and length of the media you selected, this can take some time, use the Background Task window (Cmd+9) to monitor progress.

proxy-05

4. Once proxies are created, go to Final Cut Pro > Preferences > Playback (Cmd+,) and change the playback option to “Use Proxy Media.”

All media that has proxies, will automatically switch and be displayed (top image). Any media that doesn’t have proxies will display the missing media icon (bottom image).

proxy-06

5. To switch back to high-quality images, return to Preferences and change the playback setting to “Use original or optimized media.

Proxy files are stored in their own folder inside Final Cut Events > [ Event name ] > Transcoded Media > Proxy Media.


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87 Responses to FCP X: Working With Proxy Media

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  1. Richard says:

    If I wanted my original media OFF my laptop, would a USB 3 SSD be fast enough for FCP to read from or would I need a thunderbolt external? I am using 1080i hd footage.

    • Ed Kulis says:

      Hi Richard,

      I’ve found those kind of questions really hard to answer. I’ve found USB 3 to be incredibly fast in some circumstances and showing no improvements in others. It depends on the processing before and after the communications channel.

      Unfortunately, sometimes you just need to guess. The more money you can risk the better. So try and find some secondary reason that you’d like USB 3 or Thunderbolt and let that weigh in against the cost. I’m thinking that either would help.

      Research and compare the top speeds on the USB 3 and Thunderbolt on the hardware you’re considering or even better if the manufacturer gives a overall speed number for reading and writing.

  2. Stacey K. Black says:

    Hello Larry! I LOVE your articles! Thank you for speaking in terminology that a beginner like me can understand I really appreciate it! I am having an issue that I hope you can help me with.

    I have almost 3TB of raw footage. I have it copied onto a few different external drives, to be safe. I am editing a full length movie on a 27″ iMac. I have spread out the projects onto many hard drives so my computer will stop slowing down. So, on my main working drive, I created proxy media within the Event folder, and it took almost 7 full days of processing but it’s finally done. Whew!

    NOW, I want to take that proxy media and put in on a smaller drive and take it with me out of the house so I can work on smaller sections of the movie on my laptop while I’m away from home.

    I copied all the proxy media onto a smaller disk, named the event the same same, but only copied the proxy media, and when I try to open the project, it prompts me to import media into the event. It is not reading the media. BUT, if I try to re-import it, it asks me if I want to create proxy media…. you see my dilemma? Its already proxy. So it I re-import it from the raw footage on the other, main disk, then I have another 7 days lost. Is that my only option? I feel like there’s a simpler way, I’m just not experienced enough to figure it out on my own right now!

    So to be clear: I have all the proxy media copied onto a 2 TB disk. I want to be able to copy different projects onto that disk (or another if I have to) so I can work on them during lunches at my day job. Do I have to lug around my main 8TB disk which houses the original and transcoded proxies?

    Any help would be so appreciated! Thank you!

  3. Tom Parker says:

    Stacey, I never have this problem. Are you sure you’re correctly replicating the directory structure of the event?

  4. Ian Colquhoun says:

    Hi. I’m trying to make the shift from 7 to X.

    Really interesting stuff here that has cleared up a couple of issues but I have another question. I’m on a Macbook Pro for mobility and have been creating proxy files under the impression that that would allow me to use smaller drives on the road (500 Gig Passbooks). All fine so far, though I now realize I’ve been working with the original media thanks to info above. I’ve been aware that I’ve been creating original media on the drives and been getting progressively more worried about space issues.

    If I set the preferences to proxy and delete the original files, will I be able to re-import/re-encode them when I’m back in the office? Kinda crucial as far as I’m concerned.

    Any help greatly appreciated. ( Sorry for for such a noob question:) )

    Ian

    • Hi Ian,

      By no means do you want to delete the original files—do not delete your originals! That being said, FCPX will allow you to re-link to the original media imported into your “Event”, but it must be the original media, or exact copies of the original media.

      Now, when you say “!’m aware that I’ve been creating original media on the drives”, do you mean that you’re adding “optimized media” to the footage/media that was already there when you began the project? In other words, there’s a setting for creating optimized media upon import—is that what you’re doing?

      Let us know and we’ll go from there.

  5. Ignacio says:

    Hello,

    Great read and thanks for the info.

    I just wanted to clarify, which is the best setting; importing the video with both boxes UN checked, importing it as optimized media, or importing as proxy media?

    Cheers!

  6. Virumandi says:

    i m already use final cut studio, right now i m using fcp 10, audio content and motion content occupied more space how to remove the contents…….pls help me……

    • Larry says:

      Virumandi:

      What content do you want to remove? When you are done with a Project, you can remove its folder from the Final Cut Projects folder. When you are done with an Event, you can remove its folder from the Final Cut Events folder.

      Whether you copy these folders to a separate hard drive or trash them depends upon whether you want to delete or retain your project files.

      Larry

  7. doliili says:

    Hi all,

    I have a big problem with Project FCP X now, I already finished my project one ours and want to export to final movie but I find missing proxy in my timeline project and all video in Event Library, how I can find my original video in timeline and Event Library?

    I already try to Relink import but doesn’t work!! who can help me, Please!!

    Cheers

    Doliili

    • Doliili:

      Generally, all you need to do is change the Preference setting from Proxy media to Original media and everything should re-connect (see the screen shot above.)

      You DON’T need to relink media, unless you have removed the original media from the Events folder.

      Larry

  8. Tom says:

    Hi. Can I just make the proxy files from my DLSR [.mov (h.264)], edit the movie and export it every compression I need without loosing quality?

    Thanks for posting this material 🙂

  9. Lenny says:

    I’m truly sorry, but I am so confused after reading this thread.
    Here is my problem:
    I imported a lot of 1080i material to my MBP. Before import I clicked the “create optimized” not exactly knowing what that was at the time. The internal 500 GB SSD HD was big enough for both the original and the optimized material. Now I am about 20 minutes into the project and noticed that the rendering in the background is slowing me down considerably the more I work on my project. I wanted to make proxies of my original material in the hope to ease my MBP, but my internal HD is just not big enough for the extra copies.

    1. Can I (should I) erase the optimized files to make space for the proxy files?
    2. I have an external HD accessible. Can I move the original material to the external HD now and only work with proxy material on my internal HD until I export? Meaning, when I’m done cutting using the proxies relink to the original material on the external HD and export the movie in the best quality?

    Thanks in advance to Larry and all for this informative site.

    • Larry says:

      Lenny:

      All media is stored in your Event. And it is easy to move the Event from one hard disk to another. So, you don’t want to only move Proxy media, you will need to move everything.

      In the Event Library, select the Event you want to move.

      Choose File > Move Event and select the hard disk location to move the Event to and click OK.

      This will take a while, so DON’T QUIT FCP X!!!

      However, during the move you can continue editing, but your system will be slow while all the files are moved from one location to another.

      Larry

  10. Lenny says:

    Thank you for the response, Larry.
    If I move the whole Event folder, is there a possibility to work only with the proxies on my MBP and when I’m finished cutting relink to the originals on the external disk?
    Lenny

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