MONO (Single-track) CLIP
A mono clip contains exactly one audio channel. To adjust the pan of a single channel, select the clip.
Then, in the Audio tab of the Inspector, change the Pan Mode to Stereo Left/Right.
At which point, adjust the Pan Amount slider so that the sound of the audio clip is positioned where you want it between the left and right speakers.
NOTE: Remember, by default, a mono clip always sounds centered between the left and right speakers. The only reason to adjust the pan is to move a sound to a position other than the center.
By default, a stereo clip has the odd-numbered track playing exclusively from the left speaker, while the even-numbered track plays exclusively from the right speaker. And, for a stereo clip, you can’t change the position of the sound so that both channels play from the same speaker.
Instead, to adjust the pan of individual channels in a stereo clip, you need to convert the clip to dual-channel mono. This removes the stereo effect and replaces it with two mono clips, where each channel is panned to the center.
NOTE: Interviews are frequently recorded with the host on one channel and the guest on a second channel. Many cameras interpret this as a stereo clip, which means we need to reset the audio once it is imported into Final Cut.
Here’s how to convert a stereo clip into dual-channel mono.
Select the clip in the Timeline; you can’t adjust channels for clips in the Browser.
In the Audio tab of the Inspector, click Show to display the Channel Configuration details (if this blue text says Hide, then the Channel Configuration details are already displayed).
Modify the Channel Configuration by clicking Stereo and changing it to Dual Mono.
With the clip selected, choose Clip > Expand Audio Components (or type Control + Option +S). This displays each individual channel in the Timeline.
Select the channel in the Timeline with the pan you want to modify, go to the Audio tab in the Inspector…
…and change the Pan Mode to Stereo Left/Right. Adjust the slider as we just did for the mono clip to position the sound where you want it.
For clips with more than two audio channels, the process is essentially the same as converting an stereo clip.
Select the clip you want to adjust in the Timeline.
In the Audio tab of the Inspector, change the channel setting from Surround to 6 Mono. (in this example, I’m using a six-channel surround clip.)
Choose Clip > Expand Audio Components (Control+Option+S) and select the channel with the pan you want to change.
Then, go back in the Inspector, change the Pan Mode to Stereo Left/Right and adjust the slider to suit.
You can change the Channel Configuration for multiple clips in the Timeline at once by first selecting all the clips you want to modify then change the Channel Configuration setting in the Inspector. All selected clips are modified the same way at the same time.
The ability to work with each channel individually makes a big difference in getting your audio to sound exactly the way you want.
Final Cut Pro X 10.4
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