The way that Final Cut Pro X usually imports a file is that if that media needs to be transcoded – for example, AVCHD – Final Cut will allow you to set an In and Out and only import the section you need. This is because FCP X needs to convert it from the format stored on the camera card to a format suitable for editing.
However, this copy requires more storage space as well as taking time to create the copy. This copying also runs the, admittedly small, risk of losing image quality due to the copy. Unless you modify the storage settings in Library properties, copied media will be stored in the Library.
On the other hand, if the file does not need transcoding – for example, virtually all QuickTime movies – FCP only imports a link to that file. (A “link” is a very tiny text file containing the path and file name for that file.) The benefits to importing just a link are many:
However, sometimes, when you are working with very long media clips, of which you only plan to use a very small part, it would be great to copy just the section you need, without retaining the entire master file. Normally, FCP X doesn’t allow you to do this for the vast majority of clips.
This week, Jon Gay sent me a tip with a workaround which makes copying sections possible. Jon writes:
I came across something a couple of months ago.
I have lots of old XDCAM footage backed up. If you did not take a second step to Mirror the disk, the XDCAM Transfer software would just copy the .MOV file like this.
But, when I try to import these, I can’t set any Ins or Outs. Final Cut just imports the entire clip. I had the same problem working with some drone footage, as well.
Something you said in one of your Webinars about backing up all the folders in the camera card got me thinking.
By backing up the entire camera card for the drone footage I was able to set import Ins and Outs for all the clips. So this reminded me that I must ALWAYS copy all the files and folders in a camera card to its own folder on the hard disk before importing.
Then I wondered if I could put any file in an XDCAM camera card file structure and copy just the portion of the file that I need.
I tried it and… It works!
As you can see from this screen shot, using the same movie in an XDCAM folder structure, I’m able to set an In and Out, which I could not do before.
I also took all of the orphaned drone footage and placed it in the proper folder of an empty camera card file and it works like champ. However, the more complicated card file structures may not work so well.
Thanks for getting me thinking.
Larry adds: Thank you, Jon, for sharing this tip. Normally, because FCP X is only adding a link, it doesn’t need to transcode your media. This saves on disk space and prevents any image damage due to copying the file.
In order to import clips AND set an In or an Out, FCP X must copy the media. This is not “bad,” but it does mean that these sub-clips will take far more space than a simple link to a file.
XDCAM is a format that I shot a lot in past years, so I looked at a variety of XDCAM folders on my system. I discovered that XDCAM uses several different folder layouts for storage. Jon’s example used the simple DCIM folder layout.
To replicate what Jon did, I created an XDCAM folder, called XDCAM – Test. (This folder can be called anything you want.) Then, inside it, I created three more folders, capitalization, spelling, and location are critical:
The placement and naming of these formats is important. See the screen shot above.
Next, into the 100MEDIA folder, I copied two QuickTime movies. These are in QuickTime format, using the H.264 video codec. By themselves, FCP X would only allow me to import the entire clip as a simple text link.
As you can see here, once the files were placed in this special XDCAM folder, I could set Ins and Outs.
As well, the Leave files in place option was grayed out in the Files import settings. Meaning that importing the file as a link was not allowed.
When I imported this new file, FCP X copied just the portion from the In to the Out and stored it in the Library; or wherever storage locations are set to store media for your library.
This technique is an interesting workaround for those times when you need to use only a small portion of a longer clip.
I can’t promise it will work in all situations, but it certainly seems to work here.
This technique requires stand-alone QuickTime movies to work. If your media is already stored in a camera card format, moving it into a different folder structure will break the media
As with any workaround, do a test with media you don’t care about before committing to this procedure for a project.
Final Cut Pro X 10.4
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